Maianthemum stellatum
 
Star-Flowered Solomon's-Seal

Whole Plant

Whitesand Regional Park
04-June-2010

The stem rises from a basal membranaceous sheath.  Note the raceme is nearly sessile.

Budd's Flora and Flora of Alberta refer to this species as Smilacina stellata, and the following notes reflect this nomenclature.

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Stellata: Answers to key questions in Budd's Flora leading to this species. 
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leaves 6-12; NOT [leaves 2-4]

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leaves pubescent beneath; NOT [leaves glabrous]

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flowers in a raceme; NOT [flowers in a panicle]

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raceme nearly sessile; NOT [raceme long-peduncled]

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berries green; NOT [berries dark red]

 

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Smilacina: Answers to key questions in Budd's Flora  and Flora of Alberta leading to this genus. 
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plants usually much less than 1 m high; NOT [plants usually 1 m high or more]

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stems not branched; NOT [stems nearly always branched]

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stems leafy

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plants not climbing; NOT [plants climbing with tendrils]

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leaves green, normal, not scale-like; NOT [leaves reduced to thin, dry scales, the photosynthetic organs (cladodes) being axillary branches with needle-like segments]

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leaves variously shaped, not more than five times as long as wide; NOT [leaves linear, many times as long as wide] (BF)

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leaves lanceolate or broader, not more than 5 times as long as wide; NOT [leaves linear or linear-lanceolate, usually many times longer than wide] (FOA)

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flowers several on each stem; NOT [flowers one on each stem]

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flowers in racemes or panicles at the ends of the stems; NOT [flowers axillary], NOT [flowers in umbels], NOT [flowers 1-4 at the tip of the stem or branches]

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perianth parts in 3ís; NOT [perianth parts in 2ís]

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flowers white or yellowish; NOT [flowers green]

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fruit juicy; NOT [fruit dry]

 
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Liliaceae: Answers to key questions in Budd's Flora  leading to this family. 
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plants not aquatic, or if growing in water, most of the plant emersed; NOT [plants aquatic, floating or submerged, with floating leaves or emersed inflorescence]

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leaves NOT sheathing the stem

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inflorescence NOT subtended by strongly sheathing bracts

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flowers NOT borne in a spathe

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perianth present, conspicuous, in two series of 3 segments, often brightly colored; NOT [perianth absent or inconspicuous]

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perianth usually large, consisting of sepals and petals usually alike, but petals not deciduous, variously colored; NOT [perianth small, consisting of 3 green sepals and 3 deciduous whitish petals]

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flowers regular; NOT [flowers irregular]

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stamens 6; NOT [stamens 1 or 2], NOT [stamens 3]

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ovary superior; NOT [ovary inferior]